September 21, 2023

Revealed on : June 08, 2023

When making use of for a private mortgage, one of many main components that lenders take note of is your potential to repay the mortgage. Earlier than approving a Private Mortgage software, lenders take the preliminary step of assessing the applicant’s eligibility. They study the applicant’s credit score rating, month-to-month revenue, employment historical past, and current loans to judge their potential to repay the mortgage. These components assist monetary establishments decide whether or not the borrower can fulfill the mortgage compensation obligations.

What’s FOIR?

FOIR (Fastened Obligation to Earnings Ratio), additionally referred to as the debt to revenue ratio, is a vital facet that lenders study previous to granting a private mortgage. It helps lenders decide whether or not an applicant can afford to repay the mortgage by bearing in mind their revenue and stuck month-to-month bills comparable to taxes, provident funds, and current loans.

Sometimes, it’s advised to have a FOIR between 40% and 55%. A decrease FOIR signifies that the applicant’s month-to-month bills are a lot lower than their revenue, which demonstrates their potential to repay the mortgage.

How is FOIR Calculated?

The FOIR calculation is easy utilizing the equation given under:

The month-to-month debt of a person usually contains mortgage EMIs, bank card payments, and different types of credit score. The sum of those money owed is first divided by the web month-to-month revenue after which multiplied by 100 to get the FOIR.

FOIR= (Sum of current fastened liabilities / Month-to-month Earnings) X 100

For instance, Mr X earns a wage of Rs. 75,000 monthly. The common expense is Rs. 20,000 each month and pays Rs. 10,000 for a private mortgage 

FOIR = [(20,000+10,000)/75,000]x100 = 40%

If Mr.X has to use for an additional mortgage, the EMI quantity ought to ideally be lower than 50% in order that he can repay the mortgage comfortably. Within the instance above, the FOIR is 40%, so X needs to be eligible for the private mortgage.

Methods to Scale back FOIR

  • Joint Mortgage – You could wish to take into consideration making use of for a private mortgage along with a co-applicant who’s employed and is both your partner, dad or mum, or sibling. This will increase the chance of getting accepted for the mortgage as a result of when you’ve got a co-applicant, the burden of month-to-month mortgage installments is shared between each of you.
  • Well timed Compensation of Debt – It’s essential to maintain monitor report of your credit score historical past for all of your money owed. This contains making well timed funds for EMIs, bank card payments, and repaying overdrafts, amongst others.
  • Low Credit score  Utilisation Ratio – The credit score utilisation ratio is the ratio between your credit score quantity to the utmost credit score accessible to you. Based on the rule, the credit score utilisation ratio needs to be under 30% earlier than making use of for a private mortgage. If the ratio is continually excessive then it’s extra prone to be rejected. 
  • Keep away from A number of Loans – Lenders desire to lend cash to people who can handle their bills successfully. If a borrower has obtained a number of loans, it signifies that they might wrestle to deal with their bills correctly.
  • Keep away from Frequent Job Switches – If a borrower steadily modifications jobs inside a brief span of time, lenders might view such profiles as unfavourable when contemplating private mortgage functions.


FOIR (Fastened Obligation to Earnings Ratio) is a big issue utilized by lenders to evaluate a person’s eligibility for a private mortgage. It calculates the proportion of an applicant’s fastened month-to-month obligations, comparable to taxes, provident funds, and different loans, in relation to their revenue. A decrease FOIR signifies a more healthy monetary place and a higher potential to repay the mortgage. It’s advisable to keep up a FOIR between 40% and 55% for higher probabilities of mortgage approval. Lenders additionally take into account different components like credit score historical past, credit score utilisation ratio, and job stability when evaluating private mortgage functions.